|Sujet: Les exactitudes historiques Lun 26 Juil - 20:50|| |
[EN COURS DE TRADUCTION]
So I'm feeling a bit procrastinatory today, and decided that in the spirit of positivity, it's not nice to nitpick the writers too much on historical accuracy when in fact they're dealing with such difficult things like maintaining continuity from episode to episode, or keeping the horses from revolting.
So, a list. The things that the show got right (as far as we know, and given that we're dealing with a legendary, not historical, personage for our titular character). Let's see how long we can make it! Shoot low or high, although try to be able to back it up. I know that a friend of mine once told me that the royalty used to keep exotic animals (LIKE LIONS) but I just can't find the citation :/.
1) Nottingham is indeed an English county, and one that sided with John over Richard
2) The windows in Nottingham castle look to be made of horn, not glass (this was pointed out to me by a Medievalist, and I was very impressed)
3) there were, on rare occasion, female sheriffs (thanks, Nicolaa de la Haye!)
4) Slave-trading (of Christians) had been banned in England
5) orphans were sometimes taken to religious houses to be fostered
6. It was prohibited to translate the Bible into English (or any other language for that matter)
7. Trial by drowning (2X01) was indeed used on women suspected of witchcraft.
8. The Saracens really did extensively use messenger pigeons to communicate.
9. Lepers really were made to stand in an open grave and proclaimed legally dead before being banished from the community. In fact, the words that are read to Roger forbidding him to enter any place of public assembly or to touch a child come from an actual medieval text of the decree of banishment.
10. In The Taxman Cometh, Marian tells the "Abbess" she can pay for her stay at the Abbey. In fact, monks and nuns did, for the most part, have to pay for their upkeep, and almost all came from the wealthier (or at least affluent) classes.
11. And a more general one: Vaisey's anti-church tirades are actually fairly representative of the attitudes of a large segment of the English nobility at the time.
12. John was indeed King Henry's favorite (3x08). Maybe he was by far prefered by his father over his elder brothers because he did not make constant rebellions against his father and was not that close from his mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine as his brother Richard for example. King Henry wanted him on the throne but he couldn't because of English law and tradition which had to be respected. In 1183, John's eldest brother, and heir to the throne, Henry, died of a sudden illness. So when three years later, in 1186, the third of King Henry's sons, Geoffrey, was trampled to death in a tournament, Richard became the rightful heir to the throne.
13. At the beginning of the 12th century, Henry I of England is known to have kept a collection of animals at his palace in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, reportedly including lions, leopards, lynxes, camels, owls and a porcupine. The most prominent animal collection in medieval England was the Tower Menagerie in London that began as early as 1204. It was established by King John and is known to have held lions and bears.(Courtesy of good ol' Wikipedia)
14. Feudal loyalty was extremely important.
15. At no point does anybody eat a potato.
16. The dungeons were dark, dank places where criminals were often tortured.
17. Sherwood Forest is a Royal forest, an area so designated by royal prerogative where forest law applied. The law was designed to protect the venison and the vert i.e. the animals of the chase and the greenery that sustained them. Forests were designed as hunting areas for a monarch or (by invitation) the aristocracy. Forest law prescribed harsh punishment for anyone who committed any of a range of offences within the forests.
18. The Norman helmets
19. "Muslims are forbidden to worship human images." - Djaq (1X10) This is true and historically accurate.
"Typically, though not entirely, Islamic art has focused on the depiction of patterns and Arabic calligraphy, rather than on figures, because it is feared by many Muslims that the depiction of the human form is idolatry and thereby a sin against Allah, forbidden in the Qur'an."
20. King Richard was captured and held to ransom by Leopold of Austria.
21. Saladin really had a nephew named Malik. Malik al-Mu'azzam was responsible for most urban improvements during the Ayubbid period. His principal contribution was the rebuilding of the city's walls. His all name was al-Malik al-Nasir Salah al-Din Abu 'l-Muzaffer Yusuf ibn Ayyub ibn Shadi. He was a wise and a good man. ^^
22. There really was an extremely bloody battle at Acre (mentioned by Much to "Harold").
23. Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine truly has been the Queen of England (as suggested in 2X11).
24. There really was a Rufford Abbey in Nottinghamshire (founded in 1147).
25. There also was a Kirlkees Abbey (well, Kirkless Priory) near Nottingham too. According to some of the Robin Hood legends, this was where Robin and Marian eventually married.
26. Although Bavaria was a duchy in the 1190s, its ruler was a count. The count's name was Friedrich Otto von Wittelsbach. Cf. Friedrich Otto von Wittelsburg from 2x02.
27. Brides in the 12th century did not wear white to their weddings, as correctly depicted by Marian's non-white wedding dress in 1x12/13.
28. Wedding "cakes" in the 12th century were made up of an assortment of smaller cakes and sweets (as seen at Eleri and Harri's wedding at the end of 1x07).
30. "Greek fire" (which Robin and Djaq both incorrectly conflate with Lambert's black powder) was used in the Third Crusade in the Holy Land, so both Robin and Djaq would have known of it (as they both state in 1x09).
31. Silver really was mined in the Nottinghamshire-Derbyshire area in the 12th century, as seen in 1x05. (The name "Treeton", however, is anachronistic).